Health Outcomes Research, Ph.D. & Medicine, M.D. Dual Degree

As one of the few universities to offer such a degree, Saint Louis University has designed its M.D./Ph.D. dual degree program in health outcomes research to prepare students to be excellent doctors and clinical researchers. 

A student with a Ph.D. in health outcomes research in addition to an M.D. will have a competitive edge when applying for residency and will be able to start a strong research career in medicine before they complete their training as a physician. Guided by outcomes research faculty with expertise in multiple areas of medicine, graduates leave the program prepared to provide excellent medical care and evaluate patient outcomes and preferences, compare the effectiveness of treatments and establish evidence to improve the final stages of care.

Scholarships and Financial Aid

For priority consideration for graduate assistantship, apply by Feb. 1. 

For more information, visit the student financial services office online at

Students must first be admitted to the School of Medicine to be considered for acceptance into the M.D./Ph.D. in health outcomes research program. Consideration for the program is available to all interested applicants to the School of Medicine, with a preliminary application provided upon request.

Most trainees are chosen in the early spring to begin their research training by mid-June before commencing their first year of M.D. studies in mid-August. Other qualified individuals may apply after starting their M.D. training.

Applicants to the M.D./Ph.D. program are screened by the steering committee for the M.D./Ph.D. program.

Students begin their program by completing the first and second years of their M.D. studies. By the winter of their second year of medical studies, students will select a Ph.D. mentor from SLU’s Department of Health and Clinical Outcomes Research.

Completion of all Ph.D. candidacy requirements and oral defense of the doctoral dissertation is followed by a transitional clerkship that facilitates re-entry into the third and fourth years of M.D. studies.

Nine credits from the M.D. program will count towards the completion of the Ph.D. in health outcomes research.

Trainees in this program should complete all requirements for both degrees within seven to eight years and students are expected to complete both the M.D. and Ph.D. components on a full-time basis.

Plan of Study Grid
Year OneCredits
EPI 0100 Epidemiology and Biostatistics 3
HCE 0101 Foundations in Health Care Ethics 1
HQI 0101 Fundamentals of Patient Safety 1
MD 0100 Professional and Personal Development I 1
MED 0100 Molecular Foundations in Medicine 3
MED 0101 Clinical Interviewing 6
MED 0102 Clinical Diagnosis 8
MED 0103 Leadership in the Business of Medicine 6
MED 0104 Medicine & Society 1
MED 0110 Normal Structure and Function: Musculoskeletal 7
MED 0120 Normal Structure and Function: Thorax & Head 5
MED 0130 Normal Structure and Function: Abdomen & Pelvis 3
MED 0140 Introduction to Pathology 3
MED 0150 Principles of Immunology, Pharmacology, and Therapeutics 7
MED 0160 Brain & Behavior 6
MED 0170 Cardiovascular System 4
M1s take either two 6 wk electives or one 12-wk elective 6
Year Two
RMED 0101 Bench to Bedside 1
HCE 0201 Clinical Reasoning in Health Care Ethics 1
HQI 0201 Fundamentals of Quality Improvement 1
MD 0202 Professional and Personal Development II 1
MED 0200 Hematology 2
MED 0202 Clinical Diagnosis 1
MED 0203 Leadership in the Business of Medicine 1
MED 0204 Medicine & Society 1
MED 0210 Respiratory System 4
MED 0220 Renal Urinary System 4
MED 0230 Gastrointestinal System 4
MED 0240 Endocrine and Reproductive System 4
MED 0250 Skin, Bone and Joint Module 3
Year Three
FCM 0301 Family Medicine Clerkship 6
IM 0301 Internal Medicine Clerkship 8
N 0301 Neurology Clerkship 4
OB 0301 Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health Clerkship 6
PED 0301 Pediatric Clerkship 8
PS 0301 Psychiatry Clerkship 3
S 0301 Surgery Clerkship 8
Career Exploration - two 2 week selectives 4
APCS 0300 Applied Clinical Skills 3 1
FCM 0430 Inter-Professional Team Seminars 1
Year Four
IM 0451 Required Ambulatory Medicine 4
EM 0410 Emergency Medicine 4
Acting Internship - choice of one 4 week AI 4
Intramural/Extramural Electives 30
CAP 0400 Required Capstone 2
 Total Credits192

Ph.D. Requirements

Required Courses
ORES 5010Introduction to Biostatistics for Health Outcomes3
or HDS 5310 Analytics and Statistical Programming
ORES 5150Multivariate Analysis for Health Outcomes Research3-4
or HDS 5320 Inferential Modeling
ORES 5160Data Management3
ORES 5300Foundations of Outcomes Research I3
ORES 5320Scientific Writing and Communication3
ORES 5430Health Outcomes Measurement3
ORES 6990Dissertation Research (taken over multiple semesters, 12hrs total)0-6
Elective Courses
Select three courses from the following:9
Bioethics and the Law
High Performance Computing
Predictive Modeling and Machine Learning
Health Care Organization
Evaluation Sciences
R Programming
SAS Programming I
Comparative Effectiveness Research
Advanced Graduate Readings in Outcomes Research
Dual Degree Credit
9 credits accepted from the M1/M2 of the MD curriculum, as follows:
Principles of Pharmacology3
Fundamentals of Biomedical Science3
Elective in Clinical Research1
Health Care Ethics1
Total Credits48-49

Continuation Standards

Students must maintain a cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 3.00 in all graduate/professional courses.